P E D A G O G Y
ABOUT Comics in the College Classroom
When I began teaching, I often taught intensive writing, or what was once called remediation, and those classes are filled with students who are uncomfortable with texts. They donít want to read them and they donít want to write them because they havenít been successful with the written word. So when my students arrive for the first day of class with a graphic novel in hand, I know they think my class is going to be easy. And that is my goal. If students believe intensive reading and writing is going to be fairly painless, they will relax long enough to think critically about what is going on in the graphic novelís panels. Instead of parroting back written text, theyíll have to interpret the panels, and join the conversation taking placing on the pages of a graphic novel. What's more students expand their college-level vocabulary by finding visual definitions for words, and surprisingly, visual vocabulary seems to "stick," showing up used properly in student essays.
Let students create their own graphic novels using their own narratives as scripts. Creating a graphic novel helps solve one of the biggest problems I run acrossthe beginning writer's tendency to say the same thing over and over and over again in a slightly different way. It drives instructor's crazy. Building a graphic essay is a lesson in concision, using the minimum amount of words to get to the point quickly instead of wandering around for pages on some roundabout quest. Instead of pasting the same panels together, one next to another, students become textually precise and let their pictures do the talking.
For college-level comic reading, assignment suggestions and more, click on >Graphic Novels for the College Classroom
Why visuals in the college classroom?
Visuals can also teach argumentation and underlying assumptions, or warrants - those fundamental beliefs taken for granted by both readers andwriters. Single-panel cartoons (The New Yorker or political) are great for teaching implicit assumptions by asking what a reader needs to know in order to understand the joke or to create a caption to accompany a visual.
One of the easiest ways to teach rhetoric, including ethos, pathos, logos and logical fallacies is through the use of visuals, especially TV advertisements.
For college-level aids and assignments using advertisements to teach rhetoric, click on >Grammar/Rhetoric for the College Classroom
ABOUT Doré Ripley
As a contributor to the now defunct New York-based Graphic Novel Reporter, I was lucky enough to visit and interview some of the most creative people on the pop culture scene. If you get the chance to visit your local comic convention, do it! It's a great way to spend a day.
The climate where I grew upthe foggy hilltop corridor between the Pacific Coast and the San Francisco Baycreated a need for sunny weekend trips driving me to redwood trees and beaches from Santa Cruz to Guerneville, or winding along roads from the rugged Sierra Nevadas to Sonoma County's wine country. I gave country living a try and spent some years in Mendocino County, but returned to the Bay Area when my husband and I found a home that provided the best of both worlds on the morning side of Mt. Diablo.
After leaving the corporate world, I returned to school to earn a Master's Degree in English. Writing and delivering conference papers keeps my general interests piqued, while delivering talks on subjects ranging from fairy tales, comics and science fiction to Renaissance and Medieval literature, and all things noir. I enjoy writing for a wide variety of audiences including popular magazines, scholarly journals, and textbooks.
As a professor at California State University, East Bay I teach critical reading and writing to a culturally diverse mix of college students. I also teach many literature courses including Comics as American Literature, Short Film, Science Fiction and Fantasy Literature, American Master Works, and Children's Literature.
If you're interested in reading lists for the classroom including graphic novels or Shakespeare and his times >Click on Links.
MY FAVORITE Calvin and Hobbes
Subtitle: If you Can't Laugh at Yourself . . .